With the development of science and technology, the means of sculpture production are becoming more and more advanced, and the method of implementation is more selective. The influence of 3D printing on sculpture production is very significant. Some people even say that 3D printing technology will eventually replace artificial sculpture, and until now, almost Everyone has heard of 3d printing. In the industry, it is called additive manufacturing and is one of the most promising methods of production.
3d technology brings some convenience to the process of sculpture art creation, but art creation is a complicated process, and it is an independent, pure and advanced form of human aesthetic creation. Determinants such as life accumulation, creative ideas, emotional expression, and inspiration are all things that 3d cannot replace.
How to use 3D technology to assist in the creation of sculpture in sculpture creation is a problem that sculptors should face in the rapid development of science and technology.
What is 3D printing?
3D printing is one of the latest rapid prototyping technologies. It firstly cuts the 3D data layer by layer, then builds each layer of the cut (layered printing), and at the same time glues each layer to form the technology of the physical prototype.
3D printing is usually done using a digital technology material printer. It is often used in the manufacture of molds in the fields of mold manufacturing, industrial design, etc., and is gradually used for the direct manufacture of some products. There are already parts printed using this technology. The technology is used in the jewelry, footwear, industrial design, construction, engineering and construction (AEC), automotive, aerospace, dental and medical industries, education, geographic information systems, civil engineering, firearms and other fields.
The impact of 3D printing on sculpture production
With the development of technology, more and more work has been replaced by machines. Industrial machines make up for the lack of human physical labor, and computers become more convenient tools to help people complete all kinds of mental work.
Nowadays, digital modeling and sculpture technology are also widely used in the design industry. More and more functions are provided by the software for the sculptor to create a combination. The CNC machine tool accurately engraves the 3D printer to complete the production. Experienced sculpture producers have greatly reduced the uncertainty of labor costs and human error, and sculpture production has embarked on the road of industrialization.
When 3D printing technology breaks through the layers of obstacles, when faced with various sizes and materials, it is still a big wave, and it is actually the final process of smashing the essence. The continuous exploration of materials in the sculpture industry is indeed an important part of the excellence of modeling technology. In the final analysis, like all other art forms, creativity is the most essential competitiveness.
When 3D printing technology reduces labor costs and time costs on a large scale in the future, the feelings and meanings injected by artists in their works cannot be replaced by any technology. From the perspective of marketization, 3D printing technology provides some convenience for the production of sculpture derivatives. Don’t worry if this will lower the market’s purchasing power. The audience who are willing to pay for the original sculpture and the people who spend a small amount of money to buy paintings or reproductions do not coincide.
There used to be a self-deprecating piece of the artist, mentioning that musicians are always waking up every day to worry about the younger musical geniuses that have sprung up. The art world is exactly the same. The artist’s sense of crisis is actually much higher than any industry. In addition to the years of hard work that has been poured out with diligence, the art bowl is inspired by that one percent. Creating a work that is different from the peers and making the outside world refreshing is the wish of all artists.
Some people are skilled in technology, some people explore the use of materials, and some people take a slant from the creative sword. When the development of science and technology is applied to all walks of life, when 3D printing technology solves all the problems that may be encountered in external forces, the sculpture returns to the core of the essence of art – the tremor of the mind and the resonance of thought.
3D printing and traditional sculpture making advantages
Compared to traditional sculpture processing, 3D printed sculpture saves time and money:
● The time and cost of 3D printing sculpture models is only 20%-35% of traditional processing methods
● 3D printing sculpture does not need to machine machine tools and molds, accurate and fast.
● 3D printing sculpture can detect errors in design and manufacturing early on, which is impossible to find on paper and on computers.
The 3D printing sculpture model is a breakthrough method (car, washing, planing, grinding, pliers) and forced (forging, casting powder metallurgy) method, which involves CAD, CAM technology, data processing technology, material technology, CNC technology, Test modeling technology and computer software technology and other high-tech comprehensive application of molding technology.
It does not require machining machines and molds. Rapid prototyping manufacturing models and prototypes provide industrial designers, Scratch Model Designers, and product development teams with more accurate, timely, and more visual, intuitive, and accurate representation of design ideas and product features that enable early detection of problems and The solution is to avoid unnecessary rework, thereby shortening the product design cycle, responding to the market faster, reducing the development cost of the enterprise, thereby enhancing the core competitiveness of the enterprise.
In the sculptural industry, flipping is a common technique used to reproduce the manuscripts engraved by the artist. Usually, the engravings are used as a model, and the process of copying is carried out using materials such as silica gel or fiberglass.
There are several disadvantages to the traditional mode of overturning: the material may be deformed away from the artist’s creativity; the process of reshaping lacks flexibility, and the error means returning; the most important thing is that the mold is destructive to the artist’s manuscript and cannot be restored. of.
Through the combination of 3D printing and 3D scanning, the artist’s manuscript can be digitized and printed directly, which not only can accurately represent the artist’s sculpture, improve the influence of other materials on the deformation of the work, but also save a lot of time for making molds. .
2, digital sculpture works
For the sculptor, the preservation of the work is a headache; especially for the practice engraving using materials such as clay sculptures, wood carvings, foams, etc., which are difficult to preserve, digitalization is the best choice.
For example, after a period of time, the mud sculpture has cracking, shape, and breakage. If the mud sculpture is quickly scanned 3D after the mud sculpture is finished, not only can the digital backup of the work be obtained, but also the 3D can be directly opened. Print the path of materialization.
In addition, for existing precious sculptures or cultural relics, other work can also be carried out through digitization; for example, the establishment of digital museums, such as art aesthetic classrooms, such as the reproduction of treasures, and so on.
- The best partner for digital engraving
Digital engraving is a relatively new art of engraving, which has evolved with the development of computer software. Compared with traditional engraving, in addition to the traditional engraving using a knife as a tool, digital engraving uses the light pen as a tool to distinguish this obvious difference. Digital engraving also has some advantages that traditional engraving can’t match:
- Digital engraving can produce ultra-fine, ultra-precise structure, the precision can reach the micron level, far more than manual;
- Digital engraving can make geometric or mathematical structures, such as the more popular parametric modeling;
- Digital engraving can make repeating or completely symmetrical structures and so on.
Of course, for many artists, digital engraving is a relatively new concept, lacking a touch and leading to a lack of inspiration. For digital engraving, 3D printing is the most natural output method. At any stage of the production process, fragments and structures can be directly output to 3D printing to feel the “feel” defect.
- Make a scale model or other derivatives
As mentioned above, the first role of digital sculpture is to preserve the artist’s work for a long time. In addition, digital sculpture has opened a door to making derivatives, laying the foundation for further development.
A digital model can be easily scaled, modified, deformed, increased or decreased, etc. Compared to manual sculpture, 3D printing can achieve a very regular, complex and accurate image, and it is very easy to do secondary development on this basis.
5, direct 3D printing sculpture
It can be inferred from the previous discussion that 3D scanning + 3d digital engraving + 3D printing can be said to be a general direction of sculpture development. 3D scanning can quickly and easily acquire 3D data of sculptures. Combined with 3D digital engraving, data can be refined and modified. Together with 3D printing, you can quickly create sculpture samples.
For small sculptures, direct 3D printing to make finished sculptures is also a direction. With the continuous development of the 3D printing industry, the cost of 3D printing continues to decrease, and the post-processing process continues to mature, making direct 3D printing sculpture possible.
6, the advantages of 3D printing
At present, the use of more mature 3D printing process (SLA technology and FDM technology) to make sculptures, the cost is actually lower than the hand-carved, such as 30cm figure sculpture.
Under the premise of ensuring accurate modeling, the total production cost of a single character is less than 1,000 yuan, of which the cost of 3D printing is about 400 yuan. The traditional hand-made production costs about 2,000 yuan, and the time is still more than twice as long. The accuracy is still difficult to guarantee, and the advantages and disadvantages are presented.
Even large sculptures, such as the 2 meter-high Dajin people, cost tens of thousands of yuan from printing to finished products, no more expensive than traditional methods, but at least half the time period, and the quality is light, suitable for transportation, especially suitable for exhibitions, etc. Scene.
Sculpture + spray effect made directly in 3D printing
We use a practical case to illustrate the application of 3D scanning and 3D printing in the sculpture industry. The following case is from a teacher of Lu Xun Academy of Fine Arts. The width of the work is about 1.5 meters. It is scanned by a portable 3D scanner, scanning time is three hours, data processing time is half a day, and a digital model can be obtained in one day.
3D printing will be arranged immediately, and the reduced version of the work will be available within two days, and the whole process costs: the scanning cost is 1,500 yuan, the printing cost is 2300 yuan (the width is reduced by 1/3), and the total does not exceed 4,000 yuan;
The 3D printed finished product has a width of 0.5 meters and the entire model is printed at a price of 2,300 yuan.
Therefore, the combination of 3D printing and 3D scanning can bring a lot of convenience to the sculpture industry, which not only saves cost and time, but also opens the door to refinement and derivativeization; it is the production and preservation of sculpture art, popular And a very important tool for carrying forward, the sculpture can be different from this!
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